Monday, November 26, 2012
Aku rasa, salah satu pembaziran yang aku terpaksa hadapi selepas balik ke Msia ialah:
Skill ski yang aku asah selama 4 tahun akan pudar begitu sahaja. 4 tahun aku amek masa untuk sampai ke "extreme" track.. Tapi nak wat camno.. Takkan nak ski kat federal highway pulak.. Kene saman satu hal.., kene cop gila boleh mengaibkan keluarga..
*dulu kutuk salji, skang rindu pulak.. haihh
P/s: Title tu saje je nak bagi catchy..
Thursday, November 22, 2012
War on Iran would certainly affect the price of oil and that, in turn, could function as the catalyst that would cause the rapid meltdown of the fraudulent US dollar, and culminate with USA losing its dominant position as the ruling state in the world. In a surprise of all surprises, Israel could then replace USA as the new ruling state in the world, while controlling the new electronic money-system of the world that would then totally replace paper-money.
Friday, November 16, 2012
Thursday, November 15, 2012
Sedar tak sedar aku dah cuti 8 hari since Khamis lepas.. Kegembiraan tatkala cuti bermula memang tak dapat nak digambarkan dengan kata-kata (dari dulu aku confuse dengan kenyataan sebegini..dah memang kata-kata cuma mengeluarkan ayat yang berbentuk bunyi je..,memang la tak dapat nak gambarkan.. Ingat Polaroid ke boleh keluar-keluar gambar..)
Waktu 1st day cuti, senyum memang literally sampai telinga, mata terpejam.. Aku balik dari Shah Alam ke Bangi driving guna mata hati je tengok jalan.. Nak scan Touch n Go kat plaza tol pun senyum-senyum macam orag gila.
Aku baru sedar esok ade Safety Induction..
Aku tensi sungguh.. Awat la diorang tak bawak je sesi tu minggu depan.. Patutnye aku boleh cuti straight 10 hari tanpa gangguan.. Maka malam ni aku terpaksa bertungkus-lumus kemas barang bawak balik gi Shah Alam. Disebabkan Isnin start balik sesi baru Piping Design, aku decide untuk stay terus Shah Alam sampai next week..
Ni semua gara-gara Safety Induction punye sesi tu..
Anyways, sempena maal hijrah ni mari sama-sama kita doakan saudara-saudara kita yang berada di Palestine sekarang. Keadaan skang memang agak teruk di Gaza.. Doakan kemenangan buat Islam.
P/s: tak sabar nak buka.. sup campur utara cam nice.
Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Straight to the point, masalah utama orang yang kurang berat badan adalah kurangnya disiplin.
By definition, kurang berat badan ialah apabila BMI korang jatuh bawah skala normal iaitu kurang daripada 18.5. (Sila tanya Encik Google untuk cara kira BMI)
Dengan erti kata lain, korang boleh dikategorikan sebagai adik-beradik papan lapis apabila mempunyai BMI sedemikian rupa. Pelbagai alasan yang golongan ni boleh bagi apabila isu ni ditimbulkan. Antaranya termasuklah:
1) "Aku dah makan banyak gile sampai nak muntah dah.. Tapi tak naik-naik gak berat badan."
2) "Dah genetik aku memang kurus camni.. Tak boleh buat apa."
Di sini, aku ingin tekankan alasan pertama yang ditunjukkan di atas. Mungkin korang rase korang dah makan banyak gile, tapi itu ialah judgement perut korang semata-mata.
Sebenarnya, kunci kepada kenaikan berat badan ialah jumlah kalori dan zat yang korang consume setiap hari. Dan ya, kita mempunyai formula untuk kira berapa banyak kalori yang diperlukan setiap hari untuk tambah berat badan berdasarkan faktor berat asal, tinggi, umur dan jantina.
Jumlah kalori yang korang perlukan setiap hari boleh dikira menggunakan formula Mifflin-St Jeor untuk mengira Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) korang.
RMR = 9.99w + 6.25s - 4.92a + 166g - 161
Jumlah kalori yang anda perlukan untuk maintain berat anda sekarang ni ialah RMR x 1.15.
So, kalau nak tambah berat, kene la make sure korang consume kalori lebih daripada jumlah tersebut; at least 300-500 kalori lebih daripada jumlah tersebut. Sekali makan nasik 3 senduk besar bersama lauk ayam mungkin boleh bagi dalam 400-500 kalori.
Aku dah cuba formula ni dan berjaya tambah berat badan sebanyak 5kg dalam masa 3 minggu. Apa yang diperlukan hanyalah "real food" dan "disiplin". Kalau korang makan 100 botol pringles setiap hari sampai muntah pun belum tentu boleh tambah berat. Sebaiknya makanlah nasik, ayam, telur dan segala jenis sumber protein dan kanji yang berkhasiat. Avoid makanan tak berkhasiat seperti jajan dan cikedis. Aku amalkan konsep "makan setiap masa" dimana kalau aku takde keje, aku makan buah-buahan, roti , soup, telur separuh masak etc. Meal berat 1 hari 3 kali kene jaga especially breakfast. Disamping tu aku amek supplement protein sbb aku buat intense workout kat gym (ni aku tak sarankan sangat sebab ada long term side effect)
Sakit hati digelar "ikan bilis"? Sudah muak diejek "plywood"?
Lakukan perubahan. Anda mampu mengubahnya.
Almaklumlah, tempat student..Nama pun Seksyen 7..,student2 UITM Shah Alam ngan Unisel semua kebanyakannya bertapak kat sini. Maka banyaklah restoran-restoran yang best-best dibuka kat sini.
Antara yang terfofular termasuklah:
1. Restoran Barra
Restoran ni popular sebab ayam bara dia. Pada aku ayam bara ni rasa cam ayam goreng biasa yg digoreng dengan rempah kari megi jek. Tp not bad la.. Lagi satu yg best, dia bagi makanan free kat mane-mane pelanggan yg kene "barrarized". Tapi so far aku xpernah kene lagi.. Satu mende yg aku xpuas hati ialah mamak kat sana bukan main kerek lagi. Aku pindah meja, siap kene sound sebab tak bagitau dia. Memang makan sound aku balik le mamak tu. Customers always right..
2. Ani Sup Utara
Ni aku takleh nak describe.. Sup ekor makan dengan nasik cecah sambal belacan n letak telur masin = heaven.
3. Burger Yazid
Bila aku datang kat kedai ni, tiba-tiba aku menjadi seorang lelaki yang mempunyai misi dan visi besar dalam hidup.. Misi tersebut ialah untuk menghabiskan burger sekilo aka burger gergasi sampai licin seorang diri. Burger sekilo tu memang bapak besar. Nak tengok besar dia camne?
Hamek kau.. Kalau lempar kat kepala, boleh kene concussion..
4. Nasik Arab
Kedai ni bersebelahan dengan kedai burger gergasi tu. Aku prefer makan kat kedai ni lepas habis main futsal sewaktu tengah lapar beruk.
Sebenarnya banyak lagi kedai2 yg best sekitar Shah Alam ni.. Ie: nasik kandar pelita sebelah masjid negeri,. Sotong goreng kat situ memang mantop.. Luar rangup cam jalan tar, dalam kenyal macam gule-gule yupi.
Anyways.. Selamat menjamu selera..
Monday, November 5, 2012
After that, cuti panjang start Jumaat 9 November sampai minggu depan.
Cuti ni datang memang tepat pada waktunya.. Macam tau-tau je aku tengah pokai. At least kalau cuti, aku boleh balik rumah. So, expenses makan/minyak kat Shah Alam ni dapat dikurangkan pada skala yg meletakkan aku luar daripada kategori "papa kedana".
Zaman dulu takde pun aku merasa kesesakan hidup yang sebegini rupa.. A sampai Z parents tanggung.. Hidup hari-hari penuh dengan senyuman..Tenung bunga pun, boleh berkembang mekar bunga tu.
Skang bile dah keje, kene bayar duit sewa rumah, bayar kete, segala bil kejadah dan sebagainya..,tenuk pandang muke kite pun boleh jadi stress tak lalu nak hidup ..Habis moral down flora dan fauna. Sesesak-sesak federal highway tetiap hari pukul 8 pagi, sesak lagi hidup aku dikala gaji tak masuk lagi.
Camne aku nak beli Lamborghini kalau asyik sesak camni?
*biar sesak, janji boleh posing macho..
Wednesday, October 31, 2012
Magnus Carlsen ( 30 Nov. 1990) adalah pemain nombor 1 dunia sekarang. Beliau memegang title Grandmaster pada usia seawal 13 tahun. Beliau merupakan antara sebab Garry Kasparov (pemain no 1 dunia selama 20 tahun), pencen dari dunia Chess apabila bertemu Carlsen yg pada ketika itu berumur 13 tahun, dan keputusan game tersebut ialah "draw"
Mamat ni orang Norway.. Tactical permainan mmg sangat gempak dan bersifat offensive. Kepada sesape yg tertanya-tanya pendapatan seorang player chess ni, sekali menang satu kejohanan, sejuta pound masuk poket. Naib johan setengah juta pound. Carlsen ni umur baru 22 (cam aku jek) tapi dah jutawan.. Kan bagus kalau bapak aku train aku main chess dari baby lagi..
P/s: Sesape berminat nk tgk analysis penuh game2 chess yg bertaraf grandmaster, boleh gi kat youtube channel ChessNetwork dan SeanGgodley.. Analysis diorg mmg superb..
Tuesday, October 16, 2012
santai duduk kat sofa sambil tengok TV
11. Bagi hadiah atau bunga kat isteri walaupun bukan pada hari
anniversary ataupun birthday.
12. Dengar luahan isteri time isteri tengah sedih akibat PMS sambil bagi
13. Rajin solat berjemaah bersama isteri dan cenderung mengajak isteri
lebih dekat dengan Allah.
p/s: gambar xde kaitan.. saje edit diwaktu lapang.. *blush2..
Wednesday, September 26, 2012
Sunday, August 26, 2012
ni link aku:..
credit dah le takde.. content point form copy bulat2.. cehss..
Friday, July 13, 2012
Antara company-company yang turut hadir termasuklah Schlumberger, Halliburton, Technip, Sapura Kenchana, Shell, dan tak lupa jugak Petronas.
Career fair sebegini bukan setakat bagi peluang untuk aku drop resume, tapi membuka mata dan minda aku serta memberi exposure tentang kerjaya dalam Oil and Gas industry.
Banyak info yang best yang aku dapat kat setiap booth yang aku pergi kecuali booth Schlumberger. Staff diorang tersangatlah kerek serta suka memperlekehkan graduate students yang datang kat booth diorang untuk tanya soalan. Mentang-mentang le company besar..
Antara info best yang aku dengar ialah comparison antara Schlumberger dengan Sapura Acergy dari aspek gaji. Info ni aku dengar masa lepak kat booth Sapura Acergy. Kakak staff tu bagitau aku if bekerja dengan Schlumberger, engineers akan bekerja bagai nak mati 24/7 dengan gadi maksimum 7k untuk fresh graduates. If dengan Sapura Acergy, basic gaji ialah 3k. Tetapi untuk offshore, akan dikira +RM200 per day. Bermakna gaji dalam masa sebulan boleh mencecah 9k kalau bekerja dengan Sapura Acergy. Time dengar info pasal gaji tu, mata hitam aku tak semena-mena bertukar menjadi simbol "$".
Masa kat booth Petronas, aku juga dapat banyak info pasal Projek Iskandar Petronas Rapid kat Pengerang Johor. Aku memang dari dulu nak sangat involve dalam project ni. Jadi kuli pun aku sanggup sebab aku rasa experience is priceless. Siapa la taknak peluang join projek pelantar minyak lagi besar dari Kerteh dan bernilai RM60 billion. Yang paling best time kat booth ni, kakak kat booth tu tick "RAPID" kat atas resume aku bile aku menyatakan yang aku interested untuk direcruit untuk Projek Pengerang Rapid tersebut.
Tak lupa juga career talk daripada Halliburton; talk tersebut sangat best sebab staff diorang sangat humble dan info yang diorang sampaikan sangat membuatkan aku rasa nak keje ngan diorang.
Bagi mereka yang baru graduate, aku sarankan untuk register nama bawah TalentCorp dan Leader's (Leader Series) sebab diorang bertugas untuk tolong fresh graduates dapatkan keje. Target Leader's ialan untuk provide peluang pekerjaan kepada fresh graduates dalam masa 6 bulan after graduate kalau tak silap aku.
Apa-apa pun, event career fair ni rasanya diadakan setiap tahun.. So, kepada yang bakal graduate (especially yang major in Engineering), datang jangan tak datang..
Wednesday, June 20, 2012
- w = berat anda dalam kilogram
- s = tinggi anda dalam sentimeter
- a = umur anda dalam tahun
- g = jantina anda (1 untuk lelaki, 0 untuk perempuan)
Monday, June 18, 2012
Pada suatu malam, adik aku tiba-tiba buat announcement khas kategori pengumuman rasmi depan TV. Dengan gaya seperti guru besar sekolah rendah, beliau mengumumkan bahawasanya astro bagi tengok semua saluran secara percuma !!! Realitinya, pakcik aku bukanlah seorang CEO Astro yang mampu memberi access percuma semua saluran kepada kami sekeluarga atas dasar pertalian darah.
Tetapi ini sememangnya satu kejuatan buat kami sekeluarga.. Pada mulanya, aku sangka rumah aku sorang je dapat siaran free, rupa-rupanya ramai lagi yang dapat jugak. Apesal Astro tetibe baik semacam je ni... Ke ada apa-apa agenda nih..
Persetankan segala agenda propaganda mahupun drama swasta Astro.. Aku harap, Channel free ni akan berterusan sampai EURO 2012 tamat. Tak payah susah-susah aku nak start enjin kete gi mamak semata-mata nak tengok bola. Duit minyak je RM2, megi goreng RM3.50, teh ais RM1.20.. Jimat RM6.70 satu match woo.. (please do check my math).
Kesimpulannya, find me on facebook HERE.
P/S: Sorry conclusion takde kaitan dengan topik.
Thursday, June 14, 2012
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA,
ARAS 1, 2, 5 - 13, BLOK E11, KOMPLEKS E,
PUSAT PENTADBIRAN KERAJAAN PERSEKUTUAN,
62604, PUTRAJAYA, MALAYSIA
Tuesday, June 12, 2012
Things went pretty good..
Alam university dah habes, alam pengangguran datang dulu sebelum alam pekerjaan datang kemudian..
Blog ni pun tak tau la berapa lama boleh survive..
Mungkin aku ni bukan jenis yang 'expressive'.. Nak cite pasal kisah cinta, segan.. Nak cite pasal tragedi hidup, rasa malas pulak.. Nak cite pasal masak, blog myresipi.com dah cite semua..
Which makes me think that I'd be better off without blog.. Tgk la camne..
Target skang ni nak keje dgn oil and gas company, nak gaji cecah 8k sebelum umur cecah 28 tahun.. By umur 33, nak gaji 15k.. Seblom umur 40, gaji kene 20k+ at least..
Anyhow, nothing beats experience..
not so bad eyhh..
Tuesday, May 22, 2012
Monday, April 30, 2012
Friday, April 27, 2012
Wednesday, April 25, 2012
Tuesday, April 24, 2012
When the state of Israel is restored, it will eventually become the ruling state in the world. These are the conviction of the Jews.
Who liberates the Holy Land in 1919 and brings back the Jewish to the land to reclaim it as their own bewtween 1919 and 1948? Who restores the state of Israel I the Holy Land in 1948? And convinces the “one eyed” Jews that the state of Israel of Nabi Daud and Nabis Sulaiman? But of course it is not. It is an imposter but they accepted it, and they embrace it.
Israel is about to become the ruling state in the world replacing the United States of America. If this is to be accomplished and the Golden Age is to return one more time, and they are to rule the world; how will they do it?
After that, you apply that to political thought and out of philosophical materialism, emerges a new political philosophy .
Tuesday, April 10, 2012
Monday, April 9, 2012
Wednesday, April 4, 2012
how can you recognize a black ant, on a black stone, on a dark night.. ?
Since 1924, sistem khilafah dah dipupuskan..
Replaced by so called "modern secular state"
Based on the foundation of shirk..
Because according to them, sovereign belongs to the state, not Allah..
The only people who are able to recognize that we now live a world of shirk are the ones who see with Nur from Allah..
Not us, not even close..
Adalah sesuatu yang bodoh apabila mana-mana muslim mengatakan yang dia tak mampu buat apa-apa atas dasar kuasa yang takluk dunia sekarang ni terlalu besar untuk kita pulihkan kembali sistem khilafah.. Alasan untuk senyap dan buat tak tahu.
Dakwah has already been enforced.. Don't stop.. Start learning.. Or at least, start having a little bit of interest TO KNOW what happened to your muslim brothers and sisters in Syria, Palestine etc..
Think you can survive once you enter your grave, and gain Jannah? Don't be such a fool..Think again..
P/S: One must recite Quran everyday to get Nur..
Thursday, March 29, 2012
Friday, March 16, 2012
By Syeikh Imran N. Hosein
There remains one part of this puzzle which defies explanation. Why did Russia and China support the UN Security Council resolution which permitted NATO military intervention in Libya? Were these two States really that dumb that they could not foresee the consequences of their support for the resolution? Or is there more to this than meets the eye?
Russia and China are well aware that the Zionist West is obsessed with the completely irrational goal of delivering to Israel the rule over the whole world. I believe that they are also both well aware that the Zionist 9/11 false-flag attack on America was meant to facilitate the launching of wars that would reduce the Arab and Muslim worlds into a state of submission to Israel. The Islamic eschatological explanation for the pursuit of that irrational goal was provided in my book entitled ‘Jerusalem in the Qur’an’.
That obsession has caused the Zionists to lose the capacity for rational strategic thought. Russia and China are not only both nuclear-armed, but are also both proud nations that would never submit to Jewish Israeli ruleover them. The Zionists can neither intimidate Russia and China, nor can they succeed in bribing them into submission. The suspiciously clumsy Zionist effort made in Georgia in 2008 at the height of the American presidential election campaign to bait Russia on John Mc Cain’s behalf ended in embarrassing failure. Let us not forget that Putin gave the Zionists a bloody nose in Georgia and in so doing also gave notice of how Russia will respond the next time around.
It seems to me that the Russian and Chinese refusal to veto the Security Council’s resolution concerning Libya was no accident. Rather I want to suggest that Russia and China decided, coldly and deliberately, to sacrifice Libya. As a consequence there was no obstacle delaying or preventing Russian recognition of the post Gadhafi government. If I am correct, then that deliberate sacrifice provides startling new evidence, like nothing else ever before, of their long-term strategic planning of allowing NATO to be sucked even deeper into what will eventually become a Middle East quagmire (i.e., a military grave-yard or cemetery) from which there will be no escape for NATO. Perhaps the Russian strategy is to wait until NATO is in the most vulnerable military position before it launches its attack. When Russia does attack, that will be the war of Gog and Magog which Christian and Jewish scholarships have both been grappling to understand, and which only Islamic scholarship can accurately explain.
P/s: Vladimir Putin is one badass
Saturday, March 10, 2012
Ever since the abolition of the institution of Caliphate in March 1924 followed by the conquest of Hijaj by Najdi king Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman alias Ibn Saud (1876-1953) whose successive descendents are continuously ruling over this territory, the legitimacy of Saudi rule over this heartland of Islam has become a debatable issue within a significant section of Sunni Muslim Islamic scholars.
These scholars argue that the concept of separate nation-state building was contrary to the Islamic principle of a single Muslim nation of Ummah (Entire Muslim Community) which functioned for about 1300 years after the death of Prophet Mohammad in 632 AD under the single rule of a Caliph. They allege that Ibn Saud, the founder of Saudi Arabia as an independent sovereign nation-state followed the western system of nation-state building and established a new concept of Islamic Public Order as an alternative to the Caliphate and therefore committed a crime against Islam which does not permit separate Islamic governments in the frame- work of different nation-states.
Ignoring this argument, successive Saudi monarchs have been proceeding on the assumption that their dynastic monarchy was legitimised by the World Muslim Congress (WMC) as back as in 1926 when Ibn Saud had declared himself as the King of Hijaj. Although, the discovery of huge oil wealth in the kingdom in late 1930s empowered them in silencing the Muslim world to a great extent and becoming complacent on this issue, the Sunni Muslims by and large have still not overcome from their persistent attachment to the political concepts of a united Islam headed by a Caliph even after the abolition of the Caliphate by Mustafa Kamal Ataturk, the founder president of the Republic of Turkey. They still believe that revival of the Caliphate is the only solution to their problem.
As the Muslim history goes, ever since the emergence of the first Saudi-Wahhabi state from an alliance (1744 AD) between Mohammad Bin Saud, the ruler of Diraiyah in Najd province of Arabian Peninsula and a Najdi preacher Mohammad Bin Abdul Wahhab, the Saudi-Wahhabi alliance continued with their efforts to bring the different regions of entire Arabian Peninsula under the Najdi rule to be headed by the leader of Saudi clan.
This alliance conquered much of the Arabian peninsula in the first two decades of nineteenth century but were driven away by the army of Ottoman Caliphate. Later, when Abdul Aziz took over the command of the alliance in 1882, he re-conquered his family’s ancestral home city of Riyadh in 1902, consolidated his control over the Nejd province in 1922 and also conquered the province of Hijaj in 1925 thus ending the 700 years Hashimite tutelage of Islam’s holiest territories.
Since the control over the caliphate was linked with simultaneous possession of the Hijaj province of Arabian Peninsula which is blessed with its two holiest shrines of Islam in the cities of Mecca and Medina and was a symbol of primacy over the Muslim world, different Arab war lords conquered this province and assumed the title of Caliph.
However, even though the Saudi King conquered this province after the abolition of the Caliphate, he did not want to take a chance of a repetition of the catastrophic history of Saudi-Wahhabi alliance in the early decades of nineteenth century when they were not only driven out of this province by the army led by Ottoman appointed Governor of Egypt Mohammad Ali in 1813 AD but the then Saudi capital Diraiyah also surrendered to the Ottoman in 1818 AD.
Abdullah the then head of the Al Saud was captured and later executed. Abdul Aziz was fully aware then that the Muslim world would not accept him as a new Caliph not only due to the Saudi-Wahhabi alliance but also because of the history of becoming a party to the British conspiracy for abolition of the institution of Caliphate. His support to the anti-Islamic Christian power against the united Islamic institution of Caliphate which led to its abolition was viewed as anti-Islam by the Muslim World.
He was even scared of the possibility of the Muslim world coming together and appoint a Caliph that would be a grave threat to the Saudi-Wahhabi rule over Hijaj. Accordingly, he proceeded with extra caution and did not declare himself as Caliph. Instead he assumed the title of the king of Hijaj in January 1926 even though it was disliked by the Wahhabis.
The Wahhabis believed that there was no provision for king or monarch in traditional Islam. However, despite some initial reservation, the people of Hijaj who were proud of their descent from the clan of Prophet and thereby considered the non-Hijaji Arabs as inferior to them - were left with no option but to accept a Najdi as their king due to his sword power.
Against the backdrop of his political design, when the Saudi king came to know about the initiative of Al Azhar in Egypt to hold the Caliphate Congress in Cairo in May 1926, he took it as an impending danger to his control over Hijaj and therefore, decided to float some organisation as an alternative to the Caliphate. His strategy was to divert the attention of the Muslim World from the issue of Caliphate and to establish a new system of Islamic Public order as an alternative to it although it was a total negation of the concept of single Islamic polity. He therefore quickly arranged to host an assemblage of prominent Islamic scholars of the world in Mecca during the month of ensuing Hajj pilgrimage just two months after the Cairo Congress, that is in the month of July. It was his well calculated move that the leaders of Muslim world may not like to attend the two meets within two months and would prefer to perform Hajj as well as attend the meeting in Mecca.
Naming this Mecca gathering as Motamar al-Alam al-Islami (World Muslim Congress) he attempted to bury the classical Islamic Public Order of Caliphate, followed the new system of Islamic nation-state within the framework of a new intra-national Islamic Order and would seek recognition of his rule over Hijaj, the cradle of Islam.(The Caliphate the Hijaj and the Saudi-Wahhabi State by Imran N Hosein).
As expected, while the Cairo Congress failed to take any decision over the revival of Caliphate due to poor attendance, the Mecca Congress, the largely attended assembly of prominent Islamic personalities of the world did not discuss the issue of Caliphate as it was not included in its agenda. Even Khilafat committee members from India like Maulana Mohammad Ali, his brother Maulana Saukat Ali and others who were delegates in this Congress did not raise this issue..
Inspired with the western concept of the institution of national state, the Saudi ruler of Hijaj projected himself to the participants in Mecca Congress as a true servant of the holiest Islamic territories, promised to restore authentic Islam in Arabian Peninsula and also tried to convince them that the new system under the guidance of the WMC would maintain the unity and solidarity of the Ummah within the larger space of the newly acquired nation-states.
Traditionally, Islam did not permit any innovation (bida) like the concept of separate nation-state building and as such Ibn Saud’s assumption as the king of Hijaj and formation of an international political forum like WMC were un-Islamic. It was in fact not only an imitation of the western concept of nation-state building but also a British-planned political strategy to divide the single Islamic nation under the single rule of Caliph into various independent Islamic states for strategic reason. It was even against the basic governing principle of Saudi-Wahhabi rule which was based on Hanbali school of Islam propagating to root out any bida (innovation) from Islam.
The Saudi-Wahhabi alliance was so particular against the concept of bida in Islam that they even perceived the cult of saints (Sufism) as un-Islamic innovation and was determined to root it out from Islam (Encyclopaedia of Islam –Lieden Brill, 1997 vol. IX, page 903).
The Mecca-meet which finally turned into the formation of World Muslim Congress
as an intra-national Islamic organisation within a system of sovereign Islamic nation-states and as an alternative route to the unity of Muslims other than Caliphate was the shrewd design to divert the attention of the Islamic world from the issue of reviving the Caliphate which started functioning after the death of Prophet Mohammad and continued till its abolition as a representative head of Ummah (Entire Muslim community as one nation).
Since there is no concept of different Islamic nation-states for different geo-political regions, the move of the Saudi king was considered by some as un-Islamic as it was a deviation from the classical Islam. Whether, this organisation was a replica of the Caliphate or its re-incarnation was not defined in the Congress except that it was a permanent international Islamic organization to promote solidarity and cooperation among the global Islamic community. Since there is no mention of such type of organisation in Islamic scriptures, it failed to be recognised as an institution for creating a new Islamic public order (Darul Islam).
After the failure of the Caliphate Congress in Cairo, the Sunni Muslim World might have expected some concrete outcome on the revival of Caliphate during Mecca Congress but the shrewd Saudi king played his game with his Saudi-Wahhabi rule over Hijaj in such a clever manner that there was no call for a single leadership of Ummah in the Congress.
Discussing uncalled for issues like ‘foreign intervention’ in the land of Islam, maintenance of the holiest shrines and security of the Hajj pilgrims, he kept the real issue of the single leadership of Ummah in the back burner and paved his way for building a Saudi-Wahhabi nation state by following the western concept of nation-state building and thereby burying the Islamic tradition of a single Islamic state propounded by Prophet Mohammad. Since the Congress did not take any important decision, many participants particularly from India who had launched an aggressive movement against the abolition of Caliphate returned disappointed.
Though, the participants agreed that the WMC will meet yearly in Mecca, the Saudi king never convened it again as the disappointed participants were very angry over the intriguing politics of the Saudi-Wahhabi alliance during the Congress.
A third attempt for revival of Caliphate was also made at the initiative of Indian Islamic theologians like Maulana Saukat Ali and Allama Iqbal by holding General Islamic Conference in Jerusalem in the month of December 1931. However, it too failed to come to any desirable decision on Caliphate like the earlier two congresses in 1926. Taking advantage of the failure of even the third Islamic meet, Ibn Saud who had already become master of nearly the whole of Arabian Peninsula declared it as an independent Saudi-Wahhabi nation state named as kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932 which was immediately recognised by the British. After long years of over two decades, Pakistan also organised World Muslim Congress in 1949 but it had nothing to do with the three Islamic meets held earlier in Cairo, Mecca and Jerusalem.
Sunni Muslim World still believes that the abolition of the Caliphate was a result of the conspiracy hatched by the British but they hardly pay any attention to the role of Saudi Monarchy that acted as willing accomplices to that conspiracy.
Today the Ummah is divided into 57 Islamic Nation- states.
The WMC in 1926 did not adopt any resolution to legitimize the Saudi rule in Hijaj and the Muslim world too is silent on this issue after the third General Islamic Conference in Jerusalem in 1931. However, in view of the continuous ascendancy of the House of Saud and its control over the two holiest cities of Islam since 1925, it seems to be highly unlikely that there would be the revival of the institution of Caliphate. This shows the strategic success of Ibn Saud in diverting the attention of Muslim World from the issue of Caliphate by transforming the traditional system of Islamic governance into a new system of Islamic Public order.
Sunday, March 4, 2012
There has been talk of returning to the fixed exchange rate system established at Bretton Woods, back in 1944. Some call it returning to the gold standard. Bretton Woods was about as far from a gold standard as you can get. It failed miserably because of it. Any attempt to return to it will fail again.
The gold standard was abandoned in 1913 when the Federal Reserve System replaced it. The essence of the gold standard is that individuals use gold (and other metals) as money. The amount of money in circulation is limited by the amount of gold produced per year. In 1913, the Fed was put in charge of the supply of money. The result has been the continuous depreciation of the dollar for almost a hundred years.
In 1944, when the nations of the world convened to establish the Bretton Woods system, Americans were legally prohibited from owning gold. You can not have a gold standard while prohibiting the use of gold as money! Bretton Woods was a system where our competitors could convert their surplus dollars into gold, but the American citizen could not.
Worse, it established rules that allowed our competitors to devalue their currencies against the dollar up to 10%, if they ran chronic surpluses. It was called the "adjustable peg" system. Since most nations want to run surpluses by limiting imports and subsidizing exports, they ended up with huge trade surpluses. This led to inflation in their countries which made their goods more expensive and therefore, less desirable. They then devalued their currencies to make their goods cheap again. The result was hundreds of devaluations over the years of the Bretton Woods system.
First you would have chronic surpluses build up. Then you had "hot money" flights of capital out of some nations and into others, as speculators attacked nation's currencies. Then you would have vehement denials by the government that they would ever devalue their currency. And finally, you would have the inevitable midnight devaluation, usually on a Friday night, and the whole process would begin over again. No, Bretton Woods was not a gold standard. To revisit it would result in the same farce of the past, and gold would end up getting the blame again.
The gold standard requires free markets, free trade, and governments that abide by the rules they establish. When this is the case, money holds its value. Many claim that we had panics and recessions under the gold standard, and that the system failed to deal with them. This is true. But the gold standard was never intended to deal with economic fluctuations. All the gold standard claims to do, and did for centuries, is preserve the value of money.
Those that blame it in advance for causing economic and monetary problems, know nothing about the nature of the gold standard. They blame a sound currency for the government interventions into the economy that actually led to bank runs, recessions, and crises, during those years. At the root of all of these crises, you will find the heavy hand of government. The gold standard remained neutral during these times. It was neither a cause or an effect of economic matters. It simply resulted in sound money.
The critics claim that by creating the Federal Reserve System we avoid such problems as booms and busts. Yet, it only took the Fed 16 years to create the "roaring 20's", and the Great Depression, which put the smaller recessions under the gold standard to shame. It increased money and decreased money at rates no gold standard could possibly achieve. And yet, it is the gold standard that is said to cause booms and busts.
Under the gold standard you could buy approximately the same amount of goods at the end of the century as you could at the beginning of the century. Under the Federal Reserve System the dollar buys three cents of what a dollar bought a century earlier. Critics claim we have too little gold to be used as money, and that it will restrict growth. Yet, through the 18th and 19th centuries we experienced an Industrial Revolution that brought the world the greatest amount of growth ever known to man. The gold standard and prosperity does not require more money to exist; it requires stable money to exist.
Those that understand the virtues of a gold standard and the vices of the Federal Reserve System are demanding we return to the gold standard. I am not one of them -- at least not today. The gold standard requires fiscal discipline to exist. It requires free trade where nations do not demand the right to forever export more than they import. It demands the end of protectionism -- an end to subsidies and tariffs, quotas and capital controls. It requires free markets and free men and the protection of property rights.
When we have all of these conditions met, a gold standard, when implemented will thrive and survive as it did for centuries before. But not until then. The idea that we as a world, could graft a monetary system of integrity onto a system of irresponsible trade practices and disastrous fiscal and monetary policies is insane. In such a world a system of freely floating exchange rates is the only system that will work. Fixed exchange rates can only lead to trade imbalances, speculative flows of hot money and constant devaluations as it did before. It is an invitation to chaos.
The best we can hope for is a move toward saner monetary policies, a return to fiscal responsibility, an opening up of markets, and the reduction of protectionism. Bretton Woods died a well deserved death. Let us not make the mistake of reviving it again.
by Paul Nathan